What is a 10-panel Drug Test?
A 10 panel drug test is basically used to determine the presence of drugs in a human body through a urine sample. You’ll be amazed to know that this test is used for one of the most frequently misused prescription drugs in the United States. Not only this, but it also tests for the five other five illicit drugs. ( Illicit drugs are also known as illegal or street drugs which usually aren’t prescribed by a doctor)
Although the 10 panel urine drug test is less frequently seen than the 5-panel drug test. The whole analysis includes five common prescription medications and five illicit street drugs. A 10 panel drug test is usually tested from a person’s urine. These drugs leave the traces in the urine by which a doctor can check the presence of certain drugs.
There are some tests that use other substances such as blood or hair, to test for the drugs. These may be more accurate in some of the cases, but the whole process is time-consuming and more complicated. It is also possible to do these tests from blood and other bodily fluids like saliva, but the urine tests are more common these days. Because it gives accurate results, and the whole procedure is simple.
Drugs Tested in this Panel
From the name, you can guess that it can test a person for ten different types of drugs. These controlled substances are the most common ones that people commonly abuse, including both prescription and street drugs:
- cocaine (coke, powder, snow, blow, bump)
- crack cocaine (candy, rocks, hard rock, nuggets)
- Amphetamine sulfate (speed, whizz, gooey)
- Methamphetamine (crank, crystal, meth, crystal meth, rock, ice)
- Dexamphetamine and other drugs used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and narcolepsy (dexies, Ritalin, Adderall, Vyvanse, Focalin, Concerta)
This test will determine for marijuana and its resins, such as:
- extracts, including THC oil, wax, and glass
- marijuana (weed, dope, pot, grass, herb, ganja)
- hashish and hashish oil (hash)
- synthetic cannabinoids (synthetic marijuana, spice, K2)
From prescription pills to illegal drugs, this drug comes in many different forms such as:
- Heroin (smack, junk, brown sugar, dope, H, train, hero)
- Smoked Opium
- Opium (big O, O, dopium, Chinese tobacco)
- Codeine (Captain Cody, Cody, lean, sizzurp, purple drank)
- Morphine (Miss Emma, cube juice, hocus, Lydia, mud)
- Amobarbital (downers, blue velvet)
- Pentobarbital (yellow jackets, nembies)
- Phenobarbital (goofballs, purple hearts)
- Secobarbital (reds, pink ladies, red devils)
- Tuinal (double trouble, rainbows)
These are also known as benzos, normies, tranks, sleepers, or downers, and They commonly include:
- lorazepam (Ativan)
- chlordiazepoxide (Librium)
- alprazolam (Xanax)
- diazepam (Valium)
A 10 panel urine drug test will also screen for the traces of individual drugs such as:
- Methadone (dollies, dolls, done, mud, junk, amidone, cartridges, red rock)
- Methaqualone (Quaaludes, ludes)
- Propoxyphene (Darvon, Darvon-N, PP-Cap)
- Phencyclidine (PCP, angel dust)
Once a person injected any drug in his body, it will remain in his body only for a limited amount of time. So, the whole drug detection times depends on the following things:
- Type of sample
- Individual metabolism
The following table provides some approximate detection times for various drugs via urine tests:
|Barbiturates||2 to 15 days|
|Benzodiazepines||2 to 10 days|
|Cannabis||3 to 30 days (Depending on the frequency of use)|
|Cocaine||2 to 10 days|
|Methadone||2 to 7 days|
|Methaqualone||10 to 15 days|
|Opioids||1 to 3 days|
How to Prepare and What to Expect?
A 10 panel drug test is necessary for those people who are responsible for the safety of others, such as law enforcement officials, medical professionals, federal, state, or local government employees. If you are taking this test, then avoid drinking excessive liquids before giving the urine sample. Your last bathroom break should be at least two to three hours before the test. The reason behind this is that drinking large amounts of water or other fluids before the urine test can reduce the chances of positive results. Other than this, you’re also required to bring your official ID to the lab.
This test might take place at a medical lab or clinic, your workplace, or anywhere. The person taking your test will explain the procedure to you and provide you some instructions that you should follow correctly. But the standard lab for a urine test will have a single-stall bathroom with a door. You’ll be given a container or cup to urinate into.
In some cases, the technician might take additional precautions such as
- Turning off the tap water
- Sometimes they put blue dye in the toilet bowl
- A site inspection prior to collection
- Measuring the temperature of your urine afterward
Explaining the Results
If a drug has tested positive, it can take another 2-4 days for confirmation of the result. This test will provide either a positive, negative, or invalid result.
Some 10 panel drug tests give immediate results, but most of them will take 1-2 business days to give accurate results.
There may be three outcomes of the drug test results:
Let’s find out what each of them really means:
If your results come positive, it means one or more drugs are present in this panel with a high concentration.
A negative result means that there are no controlled substances or any type of drug in the high enough concentrations in the body.
An inconclusive or invalid result simply means that the test was not successfully taken for checking for the presence of panel drugs.
First of all, the 10 panel drug screen test is not the most common test for the detection of drugs. Most employers use a 4 or 5-panel drug test and an alcohol test in addition. Only professions related to public safety require this test on a regular basis.
It is true that a 10 panel drug test can effectively test for ten substances but only within their own detection time limits. All these detection windows also depend on various things such as a person’s metabolism, and each drug has its own time limit. If a person is detected as positive, the lab will again take the test to confirm the results and invalid tests mean the person will have to retake the test.
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