The Covid-19 is considered as the most disastrous calamity of the century. It is one of the greatest challenges faced by humankind to date. It emerged from the Wuhan city in China. It was termed by WHO as COVID-19 (CO-corona Vi-Virus D- disease Dec2019-19). Coronavirus falls under the category of SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) responsible for infectious respiratory disease.
Along with health-related problems, the effects of COVID-19 has also impacted Political, Environmental, Social, and Technological environs. Not only mankind has succumbed to the virus, but it has also salvaged the global economy.
To date, there is not a single country that is assured of bringing potent viral drugs or effective vaccines against corona. Therefore, the entire world is struggling to pacify the transmission of disease by testing, treating patients, quarantining suspected people, restricting mass gatherings, providing stringent measures on complete and partial lockdown in the red zones.
WHO declared COVID-19 pandemic as a global health emergency
- > 26 million cases
- > 870,000deaths
- 3 countries with the highest cumulative number of cases
Coronavirus is responsible for the respiratory conditions of our bodies. Some people may be affected by corona but may not show any signs or symptoms. Such people are called asymptomatic, although they are a carrier of the virus and could be a source of transmission to other people.
Most of them may recover on their own troubled with mild symptoms But 3 in 5 will show symptoms. The possibility of serious symptoms is higher if you have a Geriatric population or people having comorbid diseases such as diabetes or hypertension.
Immunocompromised patients also possess a health threat because of COVID-19.
Most Common Symptoms of COVID_19 are :
- Fever 99%
- Fatigue 70%
- Dry throat 59%
- Body aches 35%
- Loss of appetite 40%
- Shortness of Breath 31%
- Mucus or phlegm 27%
The Symptoms may usually start 2-14 days after you come in contact with the virus
Once you have recovered from the disease there are odd chances that you may see some COVD-19 effects lingering or inside your body
Some short term effects may subside in a few days but long term effects may be a threat to your health and may be associated with you for a longer period
What are the long term COVID-19 effects?
Nearly 69%of patients of the intensive care patients and 49% of mild to moderate infectious people who triumph over the disease carry a speckle of doubt with them regarding its relapse or long term effect. As the pandemic unfolds, there have been links to the multitude of ways the virus could impact other organs (besides the lungs) as well.
Termed as Long COVID, 1 out of 10 patients may tend to have a long term effect of the corona, there could be an array of symptoms ranging from mild to severe.
It could be classified as follows:
- Shortness of breath
- Joint pain
According to the researches, the most notable potential long term COVID-19 effects that physicians are observing in COVID-19 affected patients are:
Blood clots, strokes and embolism
There is an upsurge case of blood clots in COVID affected patients that may cause strokes, heart attacks, lung blockages, and other complications. These clots can travel to different parts of the organs and may damage them. For example, pulmonary embolism occurs when cots block blood circulation to the lungs. Similarly, if it travels to the kidney it may cause renal failure this may trigger lifelong complications. Large clots can cause a Heart attack or strokes,
Physicians have found an increase in inflammation and damage to the heart muscle in COVID patients. According to one study, 20%-30%of hospitalized patients have signs that their heart muscles are affected. Few studies have also contributed that there is evidence of myocarditis, inflammation of the heart muscle that causes scarring, and heart failure. Its a warning sign that survivors may experience long-lasting cardiac arrest and cardiovascular problems in near future.
According to one study, it is mentioned that patients discharged with severe CoVID-19 are often showing signs of pulmonary fibrosis, a type of lung damage. The alveoli or tiny air sacs may also be affected due to pneumonia associated with COVID 19 which results in breathing problems.
Physicians have also found light grey patches on the lungs of COVID patients which could not heal. One Chinese study says that they found 77% patches on their patients while screening
The expert opined that the virus creates an aggressive immune response that results in lungs filled with debris and pus, making the lungs less capable. This type of damage may result in the lungs being pliable and may hamper its functionality.
All these lung problems may cater to breathing problems.
Scientist suspects that patient with severe COVID are likely to experience neurological manifestation such as dizziness, headache, impaired consciousness and memory and
dysfunctional of peripheral nerves that are associated with the limbs of your body.
A study published in New England Journal Medicine (NEJM) suspects encephalopathy– damage to the brain in COVID patients.
The aftermath of the COVID- 19 pandemic has repercussions on mental health as well. Many people suffered from stress, anxiety, depression, and sleep disturbances.
Some factors which are responsible for mental illness are:
- Loss of employment
- Financial struggles
- Pre-existing mental health conditions
- Severe lasting illness
- Emergency medical treatment
Many long term COVID-19 effects are yet to be discovered
It is still a roller coaster of symptoms and severities with each day offering many unknown complexities. It is advisable for a healthcare practitioner and doctors to closely observe the recovery of COVID patients. Much time and research are required to understand long term COVID-19 associated complications.
Not every person who has been infected needs to face long term effects of COVID. Most of them can recover without experiencing any long term effects.
Currently, they have termed it as long COVID or post- COVID -19 syndrome
When it is severe, COVID-19 can cause organ damage.
As researchers are experimenting, they may find effective treatments and management strategies to cope up with the long term effects of COVID-19
Prevention is always better than cure, it is necessary to follow the COVID-19 prevention guidelines.
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