What is Diastolic Dysfunction? (Symptoms, Diagnosis, Causes, and Treatment)

diastolic heart failure

Have you ever thought you may have a chance of a heart attack? Never right…(now, you think how can I get!). Don’t worry these are the thoughts that most people have. They believe that this is an old age disease that only happens after the ’40s. 

Recent research shows that there is an increase in the number of heart disease patients that are under age 40 and some of the cases are even in the ’20s. So actually there is no specific age where you could know that there may be chances of this. 

diastolic heart failure

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So, let’s know what is heart failure, and what are the symptoms and everything about this? Today in this blog, we are going to tell you all about this significant thing. 

What is Diastolic Heart Failure?

In simple words, Diastolic Heart Failure or Diastolic Dysfunction starts with an inability of the left chamber of your heart to fill with blood. In turn, this results in a reduction of the amount of blood that is pumped out of the body during the diastolic stage. 

So, when a person experiences a sudden ache in their heart which is typically connected to the stiffness of the left ventricle resulting in unrest and increased end-diastolic pressure. 

diastolic heart failure

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Normally whenever a person experiences a slight ache in their heart, he/she feels that they are experiencing a heart attack. However, that is not the case most of the time.

During this stage, your heart’s left chamber does not get adequate blood which substantially curbs the ability of the heart to pump out blood during the diastolic phase. So, the heart increases the pressure in the ventricle to fill the blood properly. And over time, this whole process causes blood to build up in the left atrium, and then it starts building in the lungs, which further leads to fluid congestion and this whole process is known as Diastolic Heart Failure

Also Read: 7 Ways To Care For A Person Suffering From Congestive Heart Failure

Diastolic Heart Failure Symptoms

Below are the common signs of heart failure, they could be mild to severe symptoms: 

  • Nausea, lack of appetite
  • Shortness of breath while sleeping at night or doing workouts
  • Tiredness, weakness
  • Lasting cough or wheezing
  • rapid or irregular heartbeat
  • Having to pee more often at night
  • Dizziness, confusion
  • Swelling in your feet, ankles, legs, or abdomen
  • Difficulty in concentrating
  • Sudden weight gain

If you have these symptoms or similar to this, don’t panic. These symptoms don’t mean that you can get a heart attack at any time. There is a whole procedure to determine if a person has diastolic dysfunction. There are several tests and a list of questions that you need to take in the doctor’s presence. 

Below are the common diagnostic procedures : 

  • Blood tests
  • Chest X-ray
  • Echocardiogram
  • Electrocardiogram (EKG)
  • Electrophysiology study
  • Exercise test (Stress testing)

diastolic heart failure

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Causes of Diastolic Heart Failure

diastolic heart failure

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There were days when people thought diastolic heart failure only occurred in old ages. This is partially true, the reason being, as you get older, your heart and blood vessels become firm which results in the blockage of blood. Hence, it is said that most heart failures are common with older people. 

Below are the reasons that can cause diastolic dysfunction development: 

1. High Blood Pressure

Most of the time if you are suffering from high blood pressure, the chances of getting heart disease are high. The reason being, your heart requires a lot of hard work to pump the blood. 

2. Diabetes

Diabetic patients are more prone to heart failure as, during this condition, the walls of your heart get thickened. 

3. Coronary Artery Disease

This disease basically lowers the amount of blood flowing through the heart muscles. 

4. Obesity

Yes, obesity can cause diastolic heart failure because when your body is big, your heart has to work harder to supply the blood into the body. 

Difference between Diastolic vs Systolic Heart Failure

diastolic heart failure

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Many people have confusion about Systolic Heart Failure and Diastolic Heart Failure. There are different heart conditions, and their impact is also disparate. After reading this blog, you already aware of the Diastolic heart failure; it happens when the left ventricle is unable to relax and allow the blood to flow through the heart in the next beat. It is also known as “heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF),”

Whereas, Systolic heart failure is known as HFrEF, which is “heart failure with reduced ejection fraction.” In this condition, your heart is not able to produce the adequate force required to pump the blood for the body.

Diastolic Heart Failure Treatment

diastolic heart failure


Lifestyle changes: 

Take these steps to improve your heart condition, so that you never face any heart issues: 

  • Be active: Do little exercises and do it regularly for the proper circular of the blood in the body. 
  • Eat a healthy diet: Decrease the amount of sugar intake in your diet, saturated fat, cholesterol and salt in your food. Always include healthy food such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains in your diet to get proper nutrients. 
  • Get regular checkups: If you’re facing any symptoms, it is advised to get your regular checkups and medications. 
  • Maintain a healthy weight: If you’re overweight (seriously overweight!), then maintain your weight because it will reduce the pressure on your heart. 
  • Reduce your alcohol intake: There is not a single good use of alcohol, so stop drinking it, and if you want to drink it, then keep the intake as low as possible. 
  • Stop smoking: Smoking can cause severe damage not only to your lungs but also to your heart as well. Did you know that smoking decreasing the amount of oxygen in the blood? 

diastolic heart failure

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Some specific medicines and drugs can improve your heart situation such as High blood pressure medicines and Mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists, a type of diuretic to get rid of extra salt and fluid. 

Always take your medicine on time and as per the prescription. And the most important thing is to make changes in your lifestyle, as there is a saying that “A healthy lifestyle not only changes your body, it changes your mind, your attitude, and mood.” 

So, create healthy habits and stay fit!!

 And more health-related information, visit healthclubfinder.

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