Distilled Water Vs Purified Water – Who Wins The Water War?
Don’t have safe and drinkable water coming from your tap? Seems like you have no other option than to depend on water from other sources. But what should the water of your choice be? The market has differing views on distilled water vs purified water, among other types.
In this article today, we will make it clear for you.
We’ll discuss the benefits and drawbacks of both purified water and distilled water. Plus, we’ll bust myths that question whether you can drink distilled water or not.
What Is Purified Water?
Purified water is any water that has less than 10 ppm (parts per million) of impurities.
Before purification, water contains several harmful chemicals and contaminants. Among these are bacteria, lead, copper, fungi, and parasites. These can be highly dangerous for human health.
Choosing to drink such unpurified water means giving your family and yourself a dose of illness.
That’s why water purification is necessary. It happens through a set of processes, including coagulation, sedimentation, disinfection, and filtration.
But to make sure the water is 100% safe to drink, most water purifying companies use other methods for extra precaution. One of these methods is distillation.
What Is Distilled Water?
Distilled water is what you get when purified water from any source is further purified by using the method of distillation.
During the process, water gets boiled to the point of becoming steam. Due to their inability to boil to that level and evaporate, contaminants remain in the container, ready to get discarded.
This way, all impurities get eliminated from the steam. In the end, this steam is collected and cooled down to become consumable water.
Historically, distilled water has been in use since 200 CE and is still used but usually for non-drinking purposes.
Can You Drink Distilled Water?
Although its common use is in steam irons, plants, aquariums, and labs, distilled water is safe for drinking.
But, it is not preferred for drinking over purified or spring water because of its flat, undelightful taste.
Distilled Water Vs Purified Water – A Comparison
|Purified water||Distilled water|
|Safety||Safe||Safer than purified water.|
|Processing||It’s a 4 step process involving filtration, sedimentation, coagulation, and disinfection.||6 step process: First, water gets purified (4 steps). It then turns to steam, then back to water after the removal of contaminants.|
|Taste||Neutral||Flat, unpleasant taste|
|Mineral Content||May contain useful minerals like magnesium, calcium, and sodium. No harmful minerals.||Doesn’t contain both harmful and useful minerals.|
|Health Benefits||May contain healthy minerals. Prevents cancer and nausea.||Doesn’t have any minerals. But it’s better for those with weak immunity.|
|Effect to Environment||Comparatively safe for the environment.||Distillation requires too much mechanical energy. So, it may affect the environment.|
|Cost||Purified water bottles or in–home purification systems like RO can get expensive.||Distilled water is expensive because of the amount of energy it uses.|
Let’s Get Into The Details…
Purified water is safe because the 4 step process of purification removes all harmful chemicals and impurities.
But it may not be as safe as distillation.
That’s because distillation removes all contaminants whatsoever. Purification, on the other hand, may leave some less harmful chemicals (up to 10 ppm). But distillation may have 0 to 1 ppm impurities because of its effective process.
Water goes through 4 steps to get purified:
- Coagulation: This treatment involves adding iron or aluminum salts to the water. These salts can be aluminum sulfate, ferric sulfate, ferric chloride, or polymers. They have a positive charge that neutralizes the negatively charged contaminants. Thus, resulting in large particles called flocs.
- Sedimentation: The large particles (flocs) have a heavy weight, so they submerge in the water and stay at the bottom of the container. Thus, leaving usable water on the top.
- Filtration: To remove any remaining particles – filters like sand, gravel, and charcoal come in handy.
- Disinfection: Finally, disinfection removes the microbes or chemicals like chlorine.
Distillation happens after water gets purified using the above steps.
As mentioned before, during distillation, all the water evaporates to steam. The contaminants cannot get vaporized, so they remain at the bottom of the utensil and are thrown away. Finally, the vapors get condensed back to consumable water.
When we compare the taste of purified water vs distilled water, we get a straight winner.
Purified water tastes just like water should – neutral. It has no defining taste and is neither pleasant nor unpleasant.
However, it’s not the case with distilled water. After getting all chemicals, contaminants, and minerals removed – yes, even the good minerals, this water gets bland. It tastes unpleasant and is, therefore, not preferred much for drinking.
4. Mineral Content:
This is where the line between distilled and purified water is clearly drawn.
Unlike distilled water, purified water does not go through excessive purification methods. So, it still may have some of its minerals preserved.
Now, some of these minerals may be harmful. But it’s more likely the good minerals like calcium and magnesium that remain after the extensive 4 step process.
Such minerals are essential electrolytes that help maintain the fluid balance in the body. Thus preventing dehydration. These minerals are also responsible for our teeth, bones, nerve, and muscle function in some way.
But distilled water does not have these good minerals. Therefore, if you consume distilled water for regular hydration, make sure you don’t have any mineral deficiency. You can ensure this by adding essential electrolytes to your daily diet in the recommended amount.
5. Health Benefits:
Both distilled and purified water have their benefits. For instance, purified water prevents any mineral deficiency. But distilled water takes the goodness further. It ensures there is not even the slightest contamination that could harm people with low immunity (like cancer patients).
Both purified and distilled water have no chlorine that could cause nausea. Plus, these waters don’t have any harmful minerals like lead and copper, which may lead to certain types of cancers otherwise.
6. Effect On The Environment:
Both distilled and purified water affect the environment negatively, in some or the other way.
If you buy purified water in plastic bottles, regular use creates more plastic in the world. Its non-biodegradable nature makes it harmful for food production, among other things, in the future.
Even if you use RO (reverse osmosis) systems at home, it doesn’t get better. That’s because every gallon of water purified with a RO system wastes about four gallons.
Let’s talk about distilled water.
According to Mr. Meder, president of Pure Water Inc, up to 15 gallons of hot water can be produced in place of creating one gallon of distilled water. Isn’t it too much?
Thankfully, water companies are coming up with better low-wastage RO systems. There’s also an increasing awareness against plastic use, which has led to reusing and recycling it. Considering this purified water is comparatively less dangerous for the environment.
When we compare the cost of purified vs distilled water, there’s not much difference. Both can be expensive for the average person.
Purified water can be expensive because of the regular use of plastic bottles or the in-home RO systems.
Distilled water can be expensive because of the extensive energy it uses (electricity cost).
Which Is The Best Drinking Water?
The winner of this battle of distilled water vs purified water depends on your preference.
You should choose distilled water if you have a weak immune system and can rely on your diet for healthy minerals. But if you want mineralized water, choose purified water.
You should choose distilled water if even the slight risk of bacteria in your water haunts you. But if you want a better taste of water, choose purified water.
Finally, you should choose distilled water if you worry about the extensive use of plastic bottles. But if you can reuse plastic and want to save energy resources in the world, choose purified water.
Here’s a tip!
Why not try both purified and distilled water and choose one based on your experience?
For more health-related information, visit Healthclubfinder.