Knee Pain When Bending: Types Causes and Treatment

As your age grows, you will start experiencing pain in your knees every time you bend your knee. It may happen due to damaged bones, muscles, and tendons surrounding the knee joint. 

Your knees experience pressure when they are bearing weight, such as while bending, jogging, squatting, or walking, for every 500g of your body weight. 

If you experience knee pain when bending regularly, then seeing the doctor can be your best decision.

Nowadays, our lifestyle is not what we can call healthy. As a result, people, even at a young age, are experiencing many problems, and knee pain is one of them. Many people now face inner knee pain when bending, and it is a painful situation that must be treated as soon as possible.

The purpose of this blog is to provide all the details regarding this problem so that people can address this problem in the right way and get the proper treatment. 

When a Knee Injury Occurs, What Is Likely to Happen?

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The knee injury may lead to sharp pain. You may even face swelling, and the knee may become sensitive to touch. Apart from this, you may face difficulty bending or bearing weight on the knee and discover that your knee locks. You may even face problems walking. 

Causes of Knee Pain

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It is important to know the causes of knee pain when bending knee so that you can take the proper treatment and get relief from the pain. Here are some of the major reasons behind this problem:

1. Runners Knee

It is one of the common causes of knee pain while bendingYou must not get confused here by its name and think that it happens only to the runners; it can happen to everyone, whether a runner or an office-going person. 

2. Knee Arthritis

Arthritis, which is defined as “joint inflammation,” affects millions of individuals worldwide. There are more than 200 distinct forms of arthritis, but osteoarthritis is the most frequently resulting in knee discomfort while bending. 

3. Osgood Schlatter

It is the common cause of knee pain when bending the knee, especially in teenagers. The bones grow quicker than the soft tissues, which leads to more tension through the patellar tendon resulting in damage to the underlying bone.

4. Dislocated Kneecap

A dislocated kneecap is when the kneecap moves out of the original position, leading to knee pain and swelling. 

5. Osteoarthritis

It is the common cause of knee pain after passing the age of 50. When you’re active, this ailment causes the knee joint to hurt or bulge. Osteoarthritis-affected joints might become stiff in the morning as well. 

6. Meniscus Tear

The meniscus is a unique, exceptionally thick layer of cartilage that lines the knee joint and serves as the knee’s cushion and protector. It transmits the forces through the knee. 

7. Patellar Tendonitis

Inflammation & micro tears in the patellar tendon below the kneecap can cause a lot of knee pain, mostly after long-duration jumping or kicking.  

Pain Behind the Knee When Bending

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In case you have pain behind knee when bending; then there may be the following causes behind it:

  • Injury in knee
  • Hamstring tendonitis
  • Baker’s cyst

Types of Knees Pain While Bending

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1. Knee Pain with “Locking” in the Joint

There are 2 ‘C’ shaped cartilage pieces known as menisci located inside the knee joint. The role of cartilages is to maintain the surfaces of the upper& lower leg bones from grinding against each other. The cartilage is frequently damaged due to trauma, such as landing a jump or twisting your knee.

You can even experience difficulties moving around, having trouble walking, or even feel like a joint is “locking.”

2. Pain Behind the Kneecap

Soft cartilage under the kneecap creates a gliding surface between the bones. Pain and irritation may develop if it softens or fades away. When the quads strengthen and stretch, lengthening the hamstrings and calf will help reduce the injury risk. 

3. Pain & Tenderness on the Outside of the Knees

The iliotibial band extends from the outside of the hip to the outside of the knee. Knee extension and lack of tissue flexibility can lead to Iliotibial Band (ITB) syndrome. It can put tension on the outside of the knee and may lead to knee pain when bending. 

4. Pain with a Pop

MCL and ACL are crucial stabilizing elements in the knee that keep the joint from moving from side to side. Trauma, such as twisting, turning, halting suddenly, or if the knee is forced side to side, can easily result in an injury. You may feel the pain with a popping sensation. 

Correct alignment can aid in preventing such injury. Here, physical therapy can be useful for getting relief from pain. The doctors may use bracing for supporting & stabilizing the knee at the time of recovery. 

Diagnosis

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The medical expert will inquire about the symptoms and your medical history. Additionally, they will do a physical examination of your knee to look for edema and instability as well as to determine its range of motion. 

They may tell you to get some tests like an X-ray or MRI. It will help doctors to look into the bones & tissues rightly. They may even ask you to get blood tests to look for infections and diseases like rheumatoid arthritis.

Home Remedies for Knee Pain When Bending

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If your pain is mild, home remedies can work for you. So, here are some of the home remedies to try:

1. Massage

During the massage, the therapists apply pressure on muscles, tendons, and ligaments by using their hands. The knee discomfort will be lessened and better controlled.

2. Eliminating the Activities Causing the Pain

You must be aware of which activities are causing you pain in your knee. And later, avoid doing such activities to be free from any pain. Instead, you can try low-impact activities like walking, biking, or water aerobics. 

3. OTC Medication

To reduce pain & swelling, you can choose to take anti-inflammatory drugs. You won’t need a prescription to purchase these over-the-counter (OTC) drugs. 

4. RICE

RICE stands for:

R – Rest: You need to rest and try not to put any weight on your knee. The surrounding muscles will recover as a result.

I – Ice: Use ice to get relief from swelling & pain. Take the ice in the bag or a clean cloth and then apply it many times a day to the afflicted region for 20 minutes at a time.

C – Compress: Wrap your knee in an elastic bandage to compress it, which can help minimize swelling. The bandage should be fit but not too tight.

E – Elevate: Elevate your knee, so it is above your heart’s level. As much as you can, do this to reduce swelling.

5. Exercises

You can start doing knee exercises to get some relief from the knee pain. It involves knee-supporting muscle-targeted strengthening activities. Your knee experiences less strain when these muscles are robust and healthy. Do some stretching exercises as well; it will reduce the tension in the surrounding muscles. 

Medical Treatment for Knee Pain

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1. Orthotics

Your ankle and foot are stabilized by orthotics, which are shoe inserts. They can reduce pain by relieving some of the pressure on your knee. You can buy it from the nearby pharmacy.

2. Physical Therapy

In physical therapy, the doctor will suggest you some exercises that will help you to improve your condition. All these exercises aim to improve your strength, mobility, and flexibility. 

3. Immobilization

If you get pain due to an injury, the doctor may use a brace. It will give protection to your knee and, in a way, stop the extra knee movement to reduce the pain and get enough time for healing. 

4. Surgery

If the non-surgical treatments do not relieve your pain, the doctor may suggest surgery. Surgery has opted when the other treatments don’t work. There are various surgeries for knee pain, like ACL, meniscectomy, total knee placement, etc.  

How to Avoid Knee Pain While Bending?

knee pain when bending knee

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Avoiding the pain completely may not be possible, but stretching and exercise can help you lower the risk. Increase your activity level gradually since exercises can be very beneficial to you. The risk of knee injuries can be decreased by performing frequent workouts that target the muscles that support the knees. 

If you are heavier than average, removing the extra weight will ease the strain on your knees and decrease your risk of injury. 

Use the knee pads if your job requires you to kneel more than usual. The likelihood of knee bursitis will be decreased. Last but not least, be sure to put on supportive shoes. 

Also Read: What Does The Pain Behind Your Knee Mean?

When to See a Doctor?

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Normal pain you face while bending is not a big problem, but if you face any of the following situations, you must consult a doctor.

  • Uncontrolled knee pain
  • Unable to bend or straighten your knee
  • Swelling
  • Fever
  • Weakness in knee
  • Noises that burst or crunch while you’re in agony

Recovery

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If we talk about knee pain recovery, it will take around 6 weeks. In case of surgery, it can extend up to 2 to 3 months. 

The recovery depends on various factors; some of them are as follows:

  • Condition severity
  • Type of injury
  • Overall health
  • Strength & activity level before the surgery
  • Age
  • Treatment plan

Physical therapy will be necessary to help your knee regain strength and functionality while you recuperate. Following your first recuperation phase, physical treatment will continue.

Final Thoughts

At last, we would say that knee pain while bending is a situation that we usually see in older people. However, people now in a younger generation are also facing such problems due to unhealthy lifestyles. With proper knowledge and information, one can fight this problem. All the treatment options for this problem have been mentioned, which can greatly help people in such a situation.

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