It is an eye condition in which the eyes are not able to make sufficient tears or they evaporate too quickly. Sometimes, it can also occur when your eye does not produce the right type of tear film. However, dry eye treatment is possible in today’s time.
What is the Right Type of Tear?
Tear film is formed when you blink your eyes. It is essential for a clear vision. The right kind of tear film will keep your eyes clean and smooth.
This Tear Film has Three Layers
- Oily Layer:
This layer helps prevent the eyes from drying quickly. It is produced in the Meibomian glands and is the outermost layer which also happens to keep the surface smooth.
- Watery Layer:
This layer is produced in the Lacrimal glands and is placed in the middle of the two other layers. It is that part of the tear film which is responsible for cleaning of the eye and removing any unnecessary particles from it. It also happens to be the layer that occupies most of the volume of tear and spreads it evenly.
- Mucus Layer:
It is the innermost layer of the tear film and is responsible for enabling the watery layer stick to the eye. It also spreads the watery layer and it is produced in the conjunctiva.
What can Cause Dry Eye Disease in a Person?
There can be one or several reasons for this condition which are listed below:
- Intake of anxiety medicine, diuretics, beta-blockers, allergy medicines or sleeping pills can cause it.
- This disease can be caused by rheumatoid arthritis, Thyroid disease, lupus or Sjogren’s syndrome
- Excessive contact lens usage
- Blepharitis (swollen or red eyelids), Entropion (eyelids turned inwards) Ectropion (eyelids turned outwards)
- Harsh environmental conditions like smoke, dry weather or wind.
- Constant work on computer or looking at the computer screen for long period of times.
- A corrective eye surgery.
How do I know if I have Dry Eye Condition?
- If your eyes feel like they are burning up or are stringent then it might point to the condition.
- Another thing to look for is red or irritated eye especially when the weather is windy, or you are in an area where there is smoke.
- Gritty (like there is sand in the eyes) or scratchy eyes
- A lot of tears in the eyes
- Major irritation when contact lenses are worn
- Mucus strings around or in the eyes.
How can Dry Eye be Treated?
The dry eye treatment normally relies on either the patient’s own tears or artificial tears to solve the problem.
- Add more tears: You can get a solution for dry eye treatment at the chemist which is the best eye protection remedy you can use as frequently as you need or as often as your eye doctor prescribes. Even though there is no need of a prescription to buy artificial tears, a few companies’ products need to be used before the patient finds one that best suits his or her needs.
- Protect your own tears: The tear duct can be blocked with the help of a silicone or gel plugs that are really small and also removable. There is a chance that your ophthalmologist will ask you to get a surgery to close your tear ducts for forever. Closing tear ducts elongates the lifetime of the tear which helps tackle dry eye.
- Increase your own production of tears: There is a solution that allows your eyes to make more tears and that can be prescribed by your eye doctor.
It is essential that you follow the instructions given by the doctor because that is the only way you are going to see results for the dry eye treatment.