Pleuropulmonary Blastoma: A Rare Lung Cancer Affecting The Infants

lung cancer in children

Pleuropulmonary Blastoma which is known to be a very rare cancer basically originates in the pleural cavity or lungs. The cancer mostly affects the young children as well as the infants. It mainly occurs in children who are aged below five to six years. This form of cancer is of three types: i) Type 1 – Cystic ii) Type 2 – Solid and Combined Cystic and iii) Type 3 – Solid. The main treatment to remove the cancer from the chest or lung tissue is by surgery and chemotherapy. Apart from this, there are several treatment options based on the stage and type of cancer, taken into consideration the side effects and the overall health of the patient. Here are some symptoms that you never ignore if you observe them in your kids:

Symptoms of Pleuropulmonary Blastoma:

If you notice these symptoms in your children, then consult a doctor immediately. Not all the children experiences similar symptoms but these are the common signs seen on a child affected with lung cancer.

Stressful Breathing

lung cancer in children

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Sudden Breathing mainly happens when the air escapes from lung cysts and enters into the pleural cavity. Therefore, when chest cavity gets filled with air, your child may experience serious problems in breathing. The above phenomenon is known as pneumothorax.These kinds of symptoms are mainly found in toddlers and infants less than two years of age. Performing an x-ray of the whole chest will clearly show the air pockets and the physicians will advise you to perform surgery based on the medical scenario.

Symptoms similar to pneumonia or lung infection –

lung cancer in children

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You may notice in your children that they are having high fever, cough, chest pain etc. that are also the similar symptoms for Pneumonia. In fact the x-ray reports will also show signs of infection in the chest at first but later on it will come out that a tumor has been formed in the lungs. Severe abdominal or chest pain might occur in many infants followed by weight loss and loss of appetite.  

Treatment:

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The treatment therapies to cure lung cancer in children are discussed below. As the cancer is of three types so the treatment for each is done separately.

After the tumor has been removed by surgery, the doctors will recommend for undergoing chemotherapy that will completely remove the small remains of the malignant cells if any. This is basically the treatment therapy for type 1 form.

lung cancer in children

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The type 2 and 3 are the serious stages of Pleuropulmonary Blastoma. If a surgery can’t be performed because of the tumor’s size and location, biopsy is said to be done. After biopsy, the patient undergoes chemotherapy that will automatically shrink the size of the tumor and to get rid of the remaining malignant cells that were initially left behind following the surgery.

The use of chemotherapy drugs is advisable by the doctors when other therapies fail to provide any success at eliminating the tumor from the lungs.

lung cancer in children

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The use of radiation therapy is also recommended by the doctors considering the health situation. If the tumor was not removed after the surgery and even the use of chemotherapy could not treat the tumor, then radiation therapy is taken into consideration. When the cancer spreads and attacks the brain, radiation therapy is advised after the surgery.

Another therapy for removing the cancer is a high dose use of chemotherapy which is to be followed by stem-cell transplantation. This approach may also be useful in certain cases where Pleuropulmonary Blastoma could not be eliminated by any other therapy.

lung cancer in children

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The PPB lung cancer in children is very rare due to which the doctors considers it to be like any normal childhood sickness. Faster detection of the cancer will help your child to cure it at an earliest stage.