The skin condition varies in signs, symptoms, and severity. Some are temporary, some leave permanent marks on the body, some can be painless, and sometimes pain is beyond the tolerance level. There are no specific reasons for rare skin diseases as some can be genetic, few situational and even some can be life-threatening too. So, today, we will talk about ten different types of skin conditions and reasons for such rare diseases.
Peeling Skin Syndrome
It is also known as idiopathic deciduous skin, it is a genetic problem where symptoms appear from birth or occur in early childhood. When the outermost layer of skin gets separated, lifelong peeling occurs. Generally patient suffers from spontaneous peeling on feet, hand, and sometimes on the lower extremities. Some patient complains about burning sensation, erythema, or pruritus.
We here try to list down some of the common symptoms, but it can vary from person to person. In very few cases, there might be some patients who may not have to face the following symptoms.
- Dry skin
- Abnormal blistering of the skin
- High urine amino acid levels
- Excessive sweating
- Congenital onset
- Abnormality of metabolism
Unfortunately, there is no specific treatment for this rare condition, but plain petroleum jelly may work in certain cases, and in some cases, skin-softening ointments help to reduce the problem.
Epidermolytic Ichthyosis is a rare genetic problem that occurs in babies. It appears at the time of birth or shortly after birth with the scaling, redness, and blistering of the skin. Under this condition, skin gets itchy, smelly and sometimes prone to infection. Other things that get worse in this condition are abnormal nails, less sweating, and failure in physical growth. Certain studies also suggest that this condition is also the result of a change in keratin 1 and keratin 10 genes.
The symptoms for Epidermolytic Ichthyosis vary from person to person, but the following are some of the common symptoms that occurred in most of the patients.
- Poor appetite
- Photosensitive skin
- Abnormal blistering of the skin
- Congenital bullous ichthyosiform erythroderma
- Skin ulcer
- Scaling skin
- Weight loss
- Thickening of palms and soles
At this point, there is no cure for this problem and tackling this problem quite problematic, the following are certain combinations that can ease down the problem at a certain level. But in case of an affected newborn baby, you should directly rush to the neonatologist.
- Apply keratolytic on the outer layer of the skin
- Use topical emollients as it helps to soften the skin
- Use topical retinoids (cream and gel consist of vitamin A)
- Take the help of antiseptic washes to reduce the infection
Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome
Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome is likely to happen to people with a weak immune system, typically newborn baby, and young children. It is caused by the bacteria that produce an exfoliative toxin that causes the skin to peel and blister. The problem occurs when bacteria enter the body through the skin, and it damages the skin to such an extent that it becomes difficult for the skin to hold together. The upper layer of the skin gradually breaks the inner layers and causes Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome. Several studies proved that usually, kids below 6 years become the victim of this rare skin problem. It harms the immune system and both kidneys.
Early designs of SSSS includes
- loss of appetite
- Peeling skin
- Broken blisters
- Red and tender skin
To treat SSSS, one needs to be hospitalized. With early sign detection, the treatment becomes easy and generally treatment consist of
- Cream to protect exposed skin
- Antibiotics to fight infection
- Intravenous fluid and electrolyte maintenance
In some cases, it includes complications like pneumonia, dehydration, bacterial skin infection, and severe infection.
Necrobiosis Lipoidica occurs to a person with diabetes mellitus, although it may occur to a non-diabetes person also. Generally, it appears on the shins of both legs, forearms, hands, trunk and rarely on nipple and penis. The main cause of the problem remains unidentified to date and can occur at any age, but it is more common in women than in men. The condition is not infectious and does not possess any relationship with hereditary problems.
- Discolored patches
- painful ulcers
- The slowly healing for injury
There is no particular treatment for Necrobiosis Lipoidica problem psoralen, and ultraviolet A (PUVA therapy) may prove to be an effective way to control the problem. Some people suggest some techniques like low aspirin dose, a steroid cream or injection can solve the problem to a certain extent.
Another uncommon and mysterious skin problem is Morgellons disease. Under this condition, small fibers emerge from the skin sore, and people generally report the feeling of something crawling and stinging the skin. Its symptoms are painful and become complain about the burning sensation and crawling feel all the time. The mystery about this problem is that the main cause remains unknown to the date.
- joint aches and pains
- difficulty concentrating
- loss of short-term memory
Since its cause is unknown, then treatment is not yet known. Many scientists believe it to be a mental problem.
Ichthyosis Vulgaris is called known as fish scale. It is a genetic skin disorder where the dead skin cells get heaped on your skin’s top layer. Sometimes people mistook this rare condition as extremely dry skin. The fish scale is limited to certain specific areas of the body; however, in some worst cases, it covers the majority of the body area, including arms, legs, back, abdomen. This problem generally develops between the age of 3 months to 5 years. Some health conditions like kidney disease, cancer, HIV infection, and Sarcoidosis worsen the condition.
- scales that are brown, gray, or white
- severely dry skin
- thickened skin
- polygon-shaped scales on the skin
- flaky scalp
- itchy skin
There is no treatment for the fish scale problem, but with the help of certain medications, lotions and oils problems can be solved to a certain extent. Use of bath soap, instead of liquid body wash, short and cold bath and little steps like this can help to improve the condition.
Under Eruptive Xanthomas problem small yellow bumps appear on the body and the main cause behind the problem is a genetic disorder, secondary disorder or both. People with high cholesterol, high triglycerides often become the victim of this skin disorder. Certain medications like cyclosporine, tacrolimus, isotretinoin, protease inhibitors, sodium valproate, thiazide diuretics, steroids, estrogens, and sertraline, can make the body store more fats.
There are no specific symptoms of this problem. Bumps appear on the skin in colors like yellow, red, orange in pea-size. Although these bumps are painless they can be itchy.
The treatment involves lowering body fats and blood sugar. The patient is recommended to make specific changes in lifestyle and diet. Once body fat and sugar are under control then the problem is solved.
Argyria is a condition where the color of the skin turned to gray or blue. The main cause behind the problem is the body comes into contact with an excessive amount of silver. In daily life, we all come in contact with silver via food, water and even but in a very small amount. In an early stage of argyria, the skin may turn into blue and within a certain time period of years, it turns into gray.
- Discolored lips
- Discolored gums
- Affect the mucous membranes of the nasal passage
There is no recognized and effective treatment for argyria but laser treatment may be of use. The best way to prevent it to protect yourself from excessive exposure of silver or silver dust and avoid medication and diet that contain a large amount of silver.
Under Vitiligo condition patients loose brown pigment of skin in certain areas of the body. The extent of the area affected under this condition is unpredictable. It can even affect the hair and can spread inside of the mouth. This situation occurs when the melanin cell producer dies or stops functioning. Although it is not a contagious and life-threatening condition. Generally, it appears before age 20 but in a few cases, it starts at any age. It becomes difficult to predict how it will grow or spread. In some cases, without any treatment, the patches stop and in a few cases skin gets its color back.
- Loss of skin color
- Premature gray hair on eyelashes, eyebrows, scalp or eyebrows
- Change in the inner layer of eyes
Luckily many treatments are available to restore the original color of the skin. Following are some treatment options:
Medication – No drug can stop vitiligo, but certain drugs can help to restore the color of the skin. Such medication includes corticosteroid cream, ointments that contain tacrolimus or pimecrolimus can be effective.
Therapies – the treatment includes the combination of psoralen and light therapy and needs to repeat three or four times a week for six to twelve months.
Surgery – Skin grafting and blister grafting are the way for surgical treatment. But it involves certain possible risks like infection, failure to recolor the skin, cobblestone appearance and few others.
It is a rare genetic skin problem that is seen during birth and remains throughout life. It happens to 1 out of 600,000 people. An infant born with this condition has a tight and sheath covering the skin known as the collodion membrane. Within a few weeks of birth, the membranes get dry and peel off. The skin of such patients is covered with plate-like scales. The mutation gene is one of the main causes. At the time of the baby’s birth, it appears to be wrapped in the shiny layer of vaseline and in 10% of cases, baby shed this layer within few weeks and has normal skin for the rest of life.
- Dry skin
- Abnormal nails
- Absence of eyebrow
- Recurrent respiratory infections
- Sparse hair since birth
Unfortunately, there is no cure available for Lamellar ichthyosis. Petroleum-based cream and ointments are used to keep the skin soft and hydrated.
So, these were some of the rare skin conditions. With the right treatment and care, one can fight to solve such skin conditions. Do we miss out on any other rare skin condition? Let us know about it in the below comment section. You can follow HealthClubFinder for all health tips and advice.