Types Of Psoriasis – Symptoms, And Treatments That You Need To Know

types of psoriasis

Psoriasis is a skin disorder autoimmune disease. It happens because of fast skin cells reproduction resulting in scaly, red patches of raised skin. It usually affects the elbows, knees, scalp, and any other part of the body. It has a redness, stinging and itchy sensation. If your skin develops rashes that do not go away with conventional medicine, you must consult your doctor immediately as these are psoriasis symptoms. The outbreaks occur and disappear, ranging from a few days to more than a month.

The exact reason for psoriasis is not known; however, it develops because of disorders in genetics and the immune system. The skin cells in people with skin psoriasis grow at a very high rate, leading to the generation of psoriasis sore.

People of age ranging from 15 to 35 get psoriasis, but it can happen at any age. In America, around 8 million people have psoriasis. It does not spread from one person to another, and lesions are not contagious. There are many types of psoriasis, and it is possible to catch more than one kind. Psoriatic arthritis connects with pain and stiffness and swelling in joints.

Plaque Psoriasis

types of psoriasis

source: everydayhealth.com

Plaque Psoriasis is a universal type of psoriasis. Around 80 to 90 % of people are affected by Plaque Psoriasis. It forms a thick red spot of skin with a white or silver scaly layer. These spots can occur on the lower back, knees, scalp, and elbows. The spots are around one to ten centimeters in width and can even cover a larger area. They have an itching sensation, and if you scratch, the condition gets even worse.

Treatment

The most common type of solution is to apply moisturizer so that the skin does not irritate or dry up. You may use an ointment-based moisturizer or cortisone cream. Other reasons may include lack of sleep or stress, and the doctor may work upon these psoriasis symptoms.

  • Creams rich in Vitamin D such as Calcitriol (Rocaltrol) and (Calcipotriene) Dovonex lessen the growth of skin cells.
  • To lower burning sensation use topical retinoids
  • Apply tazarotene (Avage or Tazorac)
  • Make use of coal tar in the form of shampoo cream or oil
  • Avail anti-inflammatory drugs like biologics

Light therapy is used in some cases. It requires exposing the skin to both UVA and UVB rays. At times, treatments involve oral medicines, ointments, and light therapy to diminish inflammation.

Guttate Psoriasis

types of psoriasis

source: medicalnewstoday.com

Guttate psoriasis occurs as tiny red patches on the skin. It is the second common type of psoriasis and affects approximately 8 % of people who have psoriasis. The patches are tiny, individual, and bubble-shaped. They occur on any part of the body, including the torso, limbs, scalp, and face. The spots are not thick but over some time may convert into plaque psoriasis. This type of psoriasis may occur due to stress, strep throat, infection, skin injury, and medication.

Treatments

The treatment includes light therapy, oral medications, and steroid creams. It is easier to get rid of guttate psoriasis if you know the root cause. Antibiotics can help if it is due to bacterial infection.

Flexural or Inverse Psoriasis

types of psoriasis

source: verywellhealth.com

Inverse or Flexural psoriasis occurs in skin folds like armpits, groin area, and breasts. It forms red, shiny, and smooth scales. The moisture and sweat developed under skin folds do not allow the skin to scrap. At times it is mistaken as a bacterial or fungal infection, and the area between skin folds can get very uncomfortable.

Treatments

The treatments are as follows:

  • Light therapy
  • Oral Medications
  • Topical Steroid creams
  • Avail anti-inflammatory drugs like biologics

You can also take medicines that reduce bacteria or yeast formation.

Pustular Psoriasis

types of psoriasis

source: medicaljournals.se

This psoriasis is acute and forms many white boils bordered by red skin. This type of psoriasis is shaped on body parts like feet and hands and can cover a significant skin area. The boils combine and form scales.

A lot of people face regular cycles of boils, and then they vanish. The pus is not contagious; however, it can form flu-like symptoms like:

  • Rapid pulse
  • Loss of appetite
  • Chills
  • Muscle weakness
  • Fever

The three types of pustular psoriasis are palmoplantar pustulosis (PPP), acropustulosis, and von Zumbusch. All of these types have different symptoms and intensity.

Treatments

Following treatments can be administered:

  • Corticosteroid creams
  • Over the counter drugs
  • Oral Medications
  • Light Therapy
  • Avail anti-inflammatory drugs like biologics

Erythrodermic Psoriasis

types of psoriasis

source: escholarship.org

Exfoliative or Erythrodermic psoriasis is a rare psoriasis type and looks like acute burns. It is a severe condition and needs emergency treatment. The person affected may require hospitalization as the body temperature goes beyond control. It covers large areas and is red and scaly and forms in large patches, unlike other types. The main reasons why it can occur are:

  • Infection
  • High stress
  • Excessive alcohol intake
  • Pustular psoriasis
  • The sudden halt of a psoriasis medicine intake
  • Major sunburn

Treatment

It is a severe condition and requires hospitalization where the patient gets different therapies.

The treatment includes

  • Topical steroid applications
  • Medicated wet dressings
  • Avail anti-inflammatory drugs like biologics
  • Oral medicines

Also Read:  What is Ear Psoriasis, its Symptoms, and Treatment?

Psoriatic Arthritis

types of psoriasis

source: everydayhealth.com

Psoriatic arthritis is a traumatic and physically restricting situation affecting 30 to 33% of people with psoriasis. These are further classified into five different types of psoriasis having various symptoms. This situation has no cure.

Treatment

The treatments involve nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like naproxen sodium (Aleve) and ibuprofen (Advil). The medication can diminish the pain and swelling linked with this type of psoriasis. Prednisone that is an oral corticosteroid, can lessen the burning sensation. Some topical prescription medications are calcipotriene, tazarotene, and salicylic acid. Light therapy can be used as well as a medication.

A distinctive type of medicine by the name of disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) can lower joint injury and burning sensation. Biologics are a type of DMARDs that help the cells.

Scalp Psoriasis

types of psoriasis

source: sciencesource.com

Scalp psoriasis can occur to those who have plaque psoriasis. It can lead to acute dandruff, itchiness, pain, and is readily observable at the hairline. It can further move on to ears, neck, and face as a significant condition or as small patches.

This condition can affect the health of hair and can lead to scalp infection and hair loss resulting in social stress.

Treatments

This type of psoriasis involves topical therapies. It includes two months of rigorous applications and long and systematic maintenance. Below are the procedures involved:

  • Make use of coal tar in the form of shampoo cream or oil
  • Creams rich in Vitamin D such as Calcitriol (Rocaltrol) and (Calcipotriene) Dovonex lessen the growth of skin cells.
  • Medicated shampoos
  • Lotions containing steroid

Different psoriasis shows varying symptoms. It has no cure, but the treatment can direct and reduce the symptoms. The treatment depends upon the type of psoriasis that occurs to a person. One can treat light conditions of psoriasis with small scales. Significant cases of psoriasis may involve structured treatment. The lead taken by psoriasis activists and organizations is getting tremendous support, and people are getting more awareness about psoriasis. For more information, visit Healthclubfinder.