Depression is not a shame, but just like any other illness, it is one of the problems that people often overlook or ignore. What will you do in case of flu? Obviously, you will go to the doctor and get it checked. Right? What happens when it comes to mental health? When anybody is diagnosed with depression, why can’t he/she talk about it to family or friends? So, today we are going to talk about what is unipolar depression? Its signs, symptoms, and treatment. Stick to the reading, so that you can help yourself or anybody in need.
What is Major Depression Disorder?
We, as a human being are full of emotions and our ability to express those emotions, make us different from other living beings. Human experiences sadness or feeling low due to challenges of life. It can be that a person close to heart passed away or you are feeling intense sadness. These are pretty normal feelings, but when these feelings last longer than a normal period, its called major depressive disorder (MDD), also refer as unipolar depression. It not only affects the mood and behavior of the person but can also result in unwellness in physical aspects like loss of appetite and sleep. In extreme situations, people feel that their life is worthless.
People with MDD often lose interest in their favorite activity, which makes them concentrate on only troubles in day to day activities. But the major problem is that people suffering from such a problem never talk or seek professional help; instead, they prefer to remain silent.
Let’s talk About its Symptoms
If any of your friends or family or you yourself are experiencing more than 5 or more symptoms at least once in a day for more than two weeks, then you must speak to professionals. But before that have a look at the following signs and symptoms:
- Feeling of low or sad for most of the time in a day or nearly every day in the past 2 weeks
- You are list interested in activities which were your favorite once
- Feeling of restlessness
- A sense of having low energy or usually tired
- Thoughts to end your life
- Sudden weight gain or loss, or change in appetite
- Experiencing sleepy or sleep-deprived
- The immediate feeling of guilt or worthlessness starts bothering you
- Finding it challenging to concentrate, making a decision or difficulty in carrying out regular activities
Here are some physical symptoms of depression.
What are the Causes of Major Depressive Disorder?
Medical science is not yet able to find out the exact causes of major depressive disorder, but there are certain factors that can increase the risk of developing such a disorder. A combination of genes and high stress can trigger brain chemistry as it leads to mood swings. Change in the balance of hormones can be another factor that leads to MDD.
Other causes of major depressive disorder:
- Drug abuse
- Childhood abuse either physical, verbal or psychological
- Dependency on certain types of medication especially steroids
- Chronic medical conditions like hypothyroidism or cancer
What are the treatments to fight problems might be the next question in many reader’s minds. It is generally treated with the help of medication and psychotherapy. Even in some instances, change in lifestyle also helps to ease down some symptoms. In some cases, outpatient treatment programs are required, while in other cases, the patient needs to get admitted to a hospital during the treatment.
Let’s have a look at these methods and how it works.
Before we begin with the detailing of medication treatment, make sure to seek the advice of a doctor before intake of such medication. Generally, antidepressants medicines are prescribed by a doctor including selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). It helps in the breakdown of serotonin in the brain, which generates a huge amount of neurotransmitters. People suffering from MDD often lack serotonin; the role of serotonin is to maintain the mood. Another antidepressant medication is atypical antidepressants, but the side-effects of this drug lead to sleepiness and weight gain.
Women who are pregnant should be more cautious about these medications as they are not safe during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Talk to your health provider even when you are planning a baby.
Psychotherapy is an effective way to treat people with MDD. Here the patient meets the therapist and talks about the condition and problems.
Here therapist can help you to:
- Boost self-respect
- Replace negative thoughts and beliefs with positivity and a healthy attitude
- Help to adjust the crisis of life
- Improve communication skills
- Helps in finding a better way to cope up with problems
- Help to get control in life
While taking medication or psychotherapy, you can improve the condition by making certain changes in lifestyle. Check out what are those changes:
Change in eating habits: Include omega-3 fatty acids, Vitamin B food in the diet. Food with magnesium content is also considered great to fight the MDD condition.
Say NO to Alcohol and some processed food: Certain processed food such as omega-6 fatty acids and deep-fried food need to be avoided. Say NO to the alcohol as it makes the symptoms worse.
Say YES to exercise: Physical exercise plays a vital role in fighting such a condition. Try to get out in the sun, indulge in outdoor activities as it will improve your mood, and divert your mind from that sad state.
Never Give Up the Fighting Spirit
People with unipolar depression or major depressive disorder many times feel hopeless and alone during this fight, but make sure to never give up on medication and other treatments. Never lie to your healthcare provider about the current health situation. Even you can help your family members, friends, or anybody to fight with the unipolar disorder by providing a supportive voice. You never know your kind words and supportive spirit can make a huge difference. Keep reading HealthClubFinder for more health tips.