Skin disorders can vary from mild to extreme in severity. However, as soon as you witness the first signs of a skin disorder, like rashes, boils, discoloration, etc, you might become worried.
While a majority of skin disorders are quite harmless, there can be some which are lethal.
White spots or patches on the skin are usually harmless. They can be caused due to a variety of reasons that we will discuss. However, there are times when these patches can indicate some serious issues.
In such extreme cases, we recommend a visit to your dermatologist. Let’s have a look at the causes, symptoms, and treatment for white dots on your skin.
Causes and Symptoms of White Spots on Skin
Vitiligo is a common autoimmune disorder that occurs when your skin cells stop the production of melanin.
In Vitiligo, your immune system starts attacking your melanocytes. When they are attacked, the production of melanin stops. This affects your skin and hair color. Therefore, white patches start appearing on your skin.
Such patches can appear anywhere on your skin. However, some commonly affected areas include your face, hands, and hair. It is genetic and therefore, non-contagious.
2. Pityriasis Alba:
Pityriasis alba is a skin disorder that can begin as small reddish or pinkish circles on your skin.
Children and teenagers are quite susceptible to this skin disorder.
One way to recognize this disorder is that these circles get larger with time and are dry to touch. They appear on your face. Over time, these spots can fade into white spots on your skin.
Research indicates that these white spots are closely related to eczema.
Eczema is a skin disorder that has white spots as one of its common symptoms. These white patches on the skin are accompanied by small bumps that are usually red, dry, and itchy.
In addition to your arms and legs, this skin disorder also affects your face, hands, and scalp. You can develop eczema at any age.
Almost all eczema patients experience some common symptoms. These include itchy and dry rashes on your skin that often develop into an even worse condition where your rash can begin to leak.
These rashes can leave a mark on your skin if you scratched too often or too much. What is most frustrating about this skin disease is that it can last for a lifetime.
4. Tinea Versicolor:
In case you observe some spots or patches on your skin that are either white, pink, or red in color, there is a possibility that it is tinea versicolor. It is a fungal infection.
Studies have found that teenagers are more susceptible to this skin disorder as compared to adults because of their oily skin due to hormonal changes.
Most patients experience constant itchiness and dryness on their skin. People living in tropical areas are quite vulnerable too. This is because they experience excessive sweat due to humid weather conditions.
If you are a swimmer or remain outdoors during humid weather conditions, you need to be cautious, or else, you might find yourself sitting at your dermatologist’s office with white spots on your skin.
Milia is a skin condition that affects kids and adults alike. In case you observe tiny and white spots on your skin, there is a good chance that it is milia.
The cause of these white or yellow spots on your skin is that the keratin starts getting trapped in your skin cells. In addition, even the dead skin cells and dust is stored just beneath the surface of your skin.
The common areas affected by this condition include
The bumps on your skin are not itchy and don’t give you a hard time as such. The white spots are caused due to a multitude of reasons like sunburns due to excessive tanning and blisters.
6. Idiopathic Guttate Hypomelanosis:
People who are the most vulnerable to this skin disorder include fair-skinned people, especially women. However, sometimes, even darker individuals can develop these white spots on their skin.
The patches on your skin can either be smooth or scaly. The areas of your body that can be affected include any body part that you expose in the sun. These are the face, arms, legs, and shoulders.
This disorder occurs when your melanocytes are less in number. This lack of melanocyte number causes white spots or patches on the skin.
Although the origin of this disorder is debatable, the dominant school of thought believes that the condition can be hereditary. It can also be caused due to the aging process.
7. Nutritional Deficiency:
A balanced diet is your lifesaver! At times, white spots or patches on your skin can be simply due to a lack of nutrients in your daily diet.
White spots on your skin and nails can indicate that there is a need to increase the consumption of calcium and vitamins.
You need not worry and should simply improve your diet. In addition, you can also consult your doctor for supplements.
Also Read: All You Need To Know About Sun Allergy
Treatment of White Spots on the skin
- Tinea- For a mild fungal infection, you can try some OTC antifungal medicines. You can also try some antifungal shampoos like selenium sulfide and miconazole.
Such medicines and shampoos can remove the infection and lessen the spots. Your skin will eventually return to its original texture.
Your symptoms can reappear if you live in tropical areas. In case your symptoms persist, pay a visit to your dermatologist.
- Pityriasis that is mild usually improves on its own. However, extreme cases require intensive treatment.
You can treat these white patches with the help of dermatologist-approved creams and medicines.
- Even Milia doesn’t require any treatment. Your white spots will clear up on their own. However, if they don’t, then contact your doctor to seek treatment in the form of topical medicines.
Extreme cases might require cryotherapy.
- Guttate Hypomelanosis spots on your skin are not that worrisome. The scaly spots or patches on your skin are treated using creams and cryotherapy.
In some other cases, these harmless white spots can develop into larger white marks. If this happens, you might need to get your skin drafted.
- Vitiligo is a skin disorder that, unfortunately, has no cure. However, you can try to stop it from spreading more.
Avoid sun exposure and see your dermatologist get some expert advice. Doctors try a variety of therapies like steroids, phototherapy, and ultraviolet light therapy to restore the color of your skin.
You can choose to embrace your skin patches and normalize them. Another option is to use cosmetics.
- Eczema is a skin disorder that you can treat with the help of proper skincare. Moisturize and nourish your skin regularly.
In addition, keep it hydrated and use light soaps. Ensure that your skin doesn’t lose too much water.
If these skin tips don’t work for you, contact your dermatologist.
The Final Word
Your skin is your body’s temple. Treat it well.
In case you experience any bumps, rashes, spots, or patches that are not disappearing on their own, seek the help of a dermatologist.
Timely prevention and cure can go a long way.
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